Monday, June 14, 2010
The first attested form of Georgian script (Asomtavruli) dates back to the 5th century AD. After the 9th century, a new, more angular style called 'Kutxovani' gradually replaced 'Asomtavruli'. By the 10th century, the first variants of the current, more rounded style, Mxedruli, began to appear. In the 13th century, Mxedruli became an established style which was used in secular writing only. In 1669, Mxedruli was first set in print. Since its inception, Georgian script has undergone some changes in two main stages. In the 18th century, Anton I introduced some minor changes, while in the 1860s Ilia Chavchavadze dropped 5 symbols which were no longer needed for the phonology of Georgian. Since the independence of the Republic of Georgia in 1990, new efforts are underway to standardize the script to support the needs of the various factions of Georgian society.
Taking its entire history into consideration, the Georgian alphabet has changed very little. This stability is in large part due to the good design of the alphabet: each letter corresponds to a unique phoneme and each phoneme is written by one letter only. Besides the various dialects of the Georgian language, Georgian script was at one time used to write Abkhaz and other languages of the Caucasus.
This site has a great font repertoire for many languages around the world. I recommend a visit.
2010. "Font: Georgian". Monotype by Monotype. Posted: n/d. Available online: http://www.monotypefonts.com/Library/Non-Latin-Library.asp?show=info&lan=georgian